Craniofacial surgery is a type of plastic surgery performed to treat congenital (present at birth) or acquired conditions affecting soft tissue and bones of the head and face. In the case of congenital abnormalities, a surgical plan for craniofacial surgery may be devised when the child is eight or nine months old, or as soon as the abnormality is recognized.
This small area of a child’s body is complex and extremely important to development. Abnormalities can affect how the brain grows, and how the child hears, sees, breathes, chews, swallows, and interacts with others.
At University Plastic Surgeons in Memphis, we focus on practice on reconstructive and plastic surgery procedures, including craniofacial surgery. Our respected surgeons are leaders in their field who have earned a reputation for surgical excellence and high-quality patient care.
What to Expect with Craniofacial Surgery
Craniofacial surgery may be performed to correct congenital defects in the skull or injuries to the soft tissue and bone of the head and neck. As this surgery is performed under general anesthesia, your child will be asleep during the entire procedure. For your child’s safety, important rules concerning eating and drinking must be followed in the hours prior to surgery.
Depending on the type and extent of reconstruction, craniofacial surgery can take approximately eight hours to perform. In most cases, the child will need to remain in the hospital for several days after surgery.
Surgery is performed through an incision in the child’s scalp, made in a zig-zag line to allow for hair growth to make the incision line less noticeable. When the procedure is complete, the incision will be closed with absorbable sutures.