(901) 866-8525 Menu
Contact Us

Migraine headaches affect over 28 million Americans and approximately 324.1 million people worldwide. They commonly interfere with daily function and are the twentieth leading cause of years lost due to disability around the world. They are also the ninth leading cause of disability in women around the globe. The most common treatments available for migraine headaches today include a combination of avoidance of common migraine triggers, prophylactic pharmacologic interventions, acute abortive therapy, and acute analgesic therapy.

Migraine surgery can be performed at four common trigger sites: trigger site I, frontal triggers, where glabellar muscles or vessels accompanying the nerves may irritate the supratrochlear and supraorbital nerves to cause frontal headaches; trigger site II, temporal triggers, where the temporalis muscle or the vessels adjacent to the nerve may cause inflammation of the zygomaticotemporal branch of the trigeminal nerve to induce temporal headaches; trigger site III, rhinogenic triggers, where intranasal abnormality (e.g., deviated septum, spurs, contact between the turbinates and the septum, concha bullosa, septa bullosa) may irritate the trigeminal end branches to cause paranasal and retrobulbar headaches; and trigger site IV, occipital triggers, where the semispinalis capitis muscle or the occipital artery can irritate the occipital nerve to cause occipital headaches.

Localized botulinum toxin type A injections have been used to detect and confirm suspected trigger sites I, II, and IV in migraine headache patients before surgery. The onset of action of botulinum toxin type A begins after 3 to 4 days, and the neuromuscular junction typically regains its full function 3 to 4 months after initial injection. Injections are targeted directly into muscle, where nerve terminals reside, to weaken the musculature. Aside from diagnostic purposes, botulinum toxin type A injections have also been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for temporary reduction of migraine headaches.

Surgery is performed on one or any combination of trigger sites in the same setting: trigger site I (frontal trigger site), removal of the glabellar muscle group (corrugator supercilii, depressor supercilii, and the lateral portion of procerus muscles) to decompress the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves; trigger site II (temporal trigger site), avulsion of the zygomaticotemporal branch of the trigeminal nerve; trigger site III (rhinogenic trigger site), septoplasty and turbinectomy; and trigger site IV (occipital trigger site), removal of a small segment of the semispinalis capitis muscle to decompress the greater occipital nerve or remove the occipital artery. All of the above procedures are performed on an outpatient setting.

Surgical Treatment of Migraine Headaches Surgical Treatment of Migraine Headaches

Reach out to us. We'll be happy to answer any questions.

(901) 866-8525

University Plastic Surgeons 1068 Cresthaven Rd, Suite 500 Memphis, TN 38119

View on map

Get in Touch








Copyright © UT University Plastic Surgeons | Privacy Policy

  1. Situs Slot KayaMendadak88
  2. Situs Slot Online Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  3. Slot Gacor
  4. Slot Terbaru: https://www.shaptahik.com/slot-terbaru.php
  5. Slot Pragmatic Play
  6. Situs Slot Online Terpercaya
  7. Kumpulan Situs Judi Slot Terpercaya
  8. Game Slot Online
  9. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  10. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya 2021
  11. Situs Slot Online Indonesia
  12. SLOT88
  13. RAJASLOTXO
  14. Slot Joker123
  15. Situs Slot Online Terbaik
  16. Daftar Situs Slot Online
  17. Agen Slot Online Resmi
  18. Slot Deposit Pulsa
  19. Situs Slot Gacor
  20. Situs Judi Slot Online Terbaik & Judi Online 2021
  21. Agen Slot Online Terpercaya
  22. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  23. Pragmatic Play Indonesia
  24. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Gampang Menang Terbaik 2021
  25. AloJudi Slot
  26. KayaMendadak88 Slot
  27. Situs Judi Slot Online: http://happy.daa.jp/slot-online/
  28. Situs Judi Slot Online Joker Slot Gaming
  29. Situs Slot Gacor 2022
  30. Slot Gacor Gampang Menang
  31. Link Alternatif: https://nimafadavibeats.com/
  32. Situs Judi Slot Online Indonesia: https://hgj.nbc.mybluehost.me/
  33. Situs Judi Slot Mudah Menang
  34. Situs Slot Online Terbaik dan Terpercaya
  35. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya
  36. slot
  37. Situs Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  38. Situs Judi Slot Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  39. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar Gampang Menang
  40. Slot Online Terlengkap
  41. Slot Pulsa
  42. Slot Deposit DANA
  43. SLOT88 Pulsa
  44. Situs Judi Online Resmi Aman Dan Terpercaya 2022
  45. https://www.nubekasi.id/
  46. Forum Slot Online Indonesia
  47. Daftar Terbaru Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya 2022
  48. Situs Judi Slot Online Indonesia Terpercaya
  49. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya di Indonesia 2022
  50. situs judi slot gacor online terpercaya
  51. Situs Judi Slot Online Terbaik dan Terpercaya 2022
  52. Joker123 Slot
  53. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Deposit Pulsa Terbaik
  54. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Gacor Gampang Menang 2022
  55. Mesin slot gacor 88
  56. Mesin slot
  57. Slot Hacker
  58. Situs Judi Slot Online Resmi 2021
  59. Slot Via Dana
  60. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya No 1
  61. Link Alternatif Joker123
  62. Situs Judi Slot Mudah Menang
  63. mercusuar.id
  64. Daftar Slot Online Indonesia Terbesar
  1. Slot Online
  2. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  3. Game Slot Online
  4. Judi Slot Terpercaya
  5. Kumpulan Situs Judi QQ Online Terpercaya
  6. Slot Online Terbaru
  7. Situs Game Slot Online Terbaik
  8. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Gacor Gampang Menang 2022
  9. Situs Judi Slot Online Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  10. Situs Slot Online Terlengkap
  11. Situs Slot Deposit Pulsa dan Slot Online Terbaik
  12. Situs Slot Terbaru 2022
  13. Situs Slot Gacor Gampang Menang
  14. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya 2022
  15. Situs Slot Online Indonesia Terbaik
  16. Slot Hacker
  17. Situs Slot Online Terbaik
  18. Hack Slot Pragmatic
  19. Slot Judi Bonus 200 New Member Besar
  20. Situs Slot Gacor Gampang Menang
  21. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Indonesia
  22. Situs Judi Slot Terbaik dan Terpercaya No 1
  23. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya
  24. Link Slot Terpercaya
  25. Link Alternatif JOKER123
  26. Situs Judi Slot Online Gacor Terbaik 2022
  27. Situs Judi Slot Online Gacor Terbaik & Terpercaya 2022
  28. Situs Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  29. Game Slot Online Uang Asli
  30. Situs Judi Slot Online Resmi
  31. Slot Online Terpercaya
  32. Situs Slot Online